Climate Reconstruction

The analysis of documentary sources has been our main tool to reconstruct the climate of the last 500 years. We have worked with different archives of Spain, Europe and Latin America to recover and analyze early instrumental series and reports from logbooks, rogation ceremonies, agricultural taxes or local councils. This allows characterizing the variability of ENSO, atmospheric circulation patterns and extreme events such as droughts or severe storms from inter-annual to secular time scales.


Related Projects

Selected Publications

Luterbacher J., Werner J.P., Smerdon J.E, Fernández-Donado L., González-Rouco F.J., Barriopedro D., Ljungqvist F.C., Büntgen U., Zorita E., Wagner S., Esper J., McCarroll D., Toreti A., Frank D., Jungclaus J.H., Barriendos M., Bertolin C., Bothe O., Brȧzdil R., Camuffo D., Dobrovolný P., Gagen M, García-Bustamante E., Ge Q., Gómez-Navarro J.J., Guiot J., Hao Z., Hegerl G.C., Holmgren K., Klimenko V.V., Martín-Chivelet J., Pfister C., Roberts N., Schindler A., Schurer A., Solomina O., von Gunten L., Wahl E., Wanner H., Wetter O., Xoplaki E., Yuan N., Zanchettin D., Zhang H., Zerefos C. (2016): European summer temperatures since Roman times. Environmental Research Letters, 11 (2), 024001, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024001. Highlighted by Editors in the 2016 collection.

Ordóñez, P., Gallego, D., Ribera, P., Peña-Ortiz, C., and Garcia-Herrera, R. (2016): Tracking the Indian Summer Monsoon onset back to the pre-instrumental period. J. Clim., 29, 8115–8127, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0788.1

Gallego, D. , P. Ordoñez, P. Ribera, C. Peña‐Ortiz, and R. Garcia‐Herrera (2015): An instrumental index of the West African Monsoon back to the 19th century. Quarter Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (693), 3166–3176, doi: 10.1002/qj.2601.